Asia IT&C

ASI/B7 301/97/0126 44
Developing 2 web based teaching packages to give guidelines for building professionals
Programme Component:
Get-in-touch and keep-in-touch
Area Activity:
Duration Project:
24 months
EC Co-financing:
€196,733.80; 50%

Project Abstract:

Two web-based multi-media teaching packages, MulCom and DayMedia have been developed aimed at students and building professionals. The packages explain principles of low energy building techniques and natural lighting of buildings. The projects were part-funded by the EU SAVE and Leonardo programmes. The advice currently given in these teaching packages is largely applicable to European conditions.

This two year project aims to make the packages suitable for use by students and professionals in the Indian sub-continent. The main activities of the project will be to agree ways in which the multi-media packages need to be amended for the climates of the subcontinent, to agree the contents and layout of the re-written web pages and to design and compile the new packages. The project includes rigorous evaluation of the packages both in regard ot their content and their usability by the target groups as well as considering the ways in which the consortium might continue to work together in future.


The production of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) from the burning of fossil fuels in production of energy is now accepted as a major contribution to global warming and climate change. As a result the reduction of energy is a global imperative. The building industry is responsible 50% of all energy use, either in the construction and maintenance of buildings or in their use of heating or cooling. Whilst energy use in buildings is generally smaller in countries with developing economies such as India, there is nevertheless an enormous potential for energy use for cooling and heating in future. Much of this potential energy use could be circumvented by ensuring design of buildings which work with the climate rather than against it. This approach--called climatic or bioclimatic design--uses the properties of the building itself and the natural behaviour of its occupants to ensure that comfort is possible description work: without (or with the minimum) use of energy. Such strategies as the use of renewable energy sources (wind, sun) and passive strategies (night cooling, solar collectors) to reduce the reliance on energy sources and CO2 production.

The teaching of bioclimatic architecture in schools of architecture and making its principles available to working professionals is therefore an important consideration. Although there is a body of expertise in climatic architecture in the Indian subcontinent (see e.g. Krishan, A, Baker, N, Yannas, S. and Szokolay, S (eds): Climate Responsive Architecture--a design handbook for energy efficient buildings) Publ. Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, January 2001. ISBN 0-07-463218-3), the teaching of architecture in all countries, both developed and developing, tends to put a low value on teaching climatic design.

The objective of this project is to make the best information about low energy buildings and daylight prediction available to students and professionals in the Indian subcontinent, through the use of IT-based teaching methods. The teaching packages which are produced will result from amending and updating the existing packages designed for European conditions. The amended web packages will be designed to be highly accessible to the target audience of students and building professionals in India and neighbouring countries. The information contained will embody the best knowledge available from both Europe and Asia. This will be assured by the participation of partners with a leading profile in this area of knowledge.

Description of the work

The project will consist of nine workpackages:

  1. Detailed consideration of existing multimedia packages: MULCOM and DayMedia and identifying areas in which they are inappropriate in the Indian context or need further elaboration. Partners involved: All. Man-months: 8
  2. Rewriting of sections of MULCOM (1) Passive cooling and climatic design. Partners involved: SPA, UoA. Man-months: 19
  3. Rewriting of sections of MULCOM (2) Solver. Partners involved SPA, UoA. Man-months: 19
  4. Rewriting of sections of MULCOM (3) Comfort. Partners involved UNL, TVB). Man-months: 18
  5. Rewriting of DayMedia (1), Daylight and sunlight, Partners involved UNL, SPA. Man-months: 15
  6. Rewriting of DayMedia (2), Low energy artificial light Partners involved TVB, UoA. Man-months: 14
  7. Programming the resulting multimedia package: Partners involved: all. Man-months: 28
  8. Scientific and user evaluation among Indian students and building professionals: Partners involved TVB, SPA. Man-months: 22
  9. Market evaluation and marketing strategies Partners involved: all. Man-months: 19
  10. Identifying areas for future collaboration Partners involved: Man-months: 8
  11. Project management Partners involved: UNL, SPA Man-months: 7



Low Energy Architecture Research Unit, LEARN,
London Metropolitan University

Contact: Fergus Nicol <f dot nicol at londonmet dot ac dot uk>

List of Partners

Organisation name Country Contact name/e-mail
School of Planning and Architecture India Prof. Arvind Krishan
<krishan at del2 dot vsnl dot net dot in>
TVB School of Habitat Studies India Ashok B Lall
<tvbshs at vsnl dot com>
National Kapodestrian University of Athens Greece Prof. Mat Santamouris
<msantam at cc dot uoa dot gr>



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